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United States Patent 6,077,889
Lau ,   et al. June 20, 2000

Light stabilizer packages for partial paint applications

Abstract

A light stabilizer package is disclosed. The light stabilizer package comprises a monomeric HALS having a pKa of no greater than 7, an ultraviolet light absorber and, optionally, a polymeric HALS having a pKa of less than 7. The light stabilizer package may be blended with a thermoplastic olefin to form a moldable light stable composition. An article comprising the moldable light stable composition may have an exterior surface that is at least partially coated.


Inventors: Lau; Edmund Kwok-Leung (Arlington, TX), Edge; David K. (Livonia, MI)
Assignee: Solvay Engineered Polymers (Grand Prairie, TX)
Appl. No.: 08/036,607
Filed: March 24, 1993


Current U.S. Class: 524/100 ; 428/482; 428/500; 428/522; 428/704; 524/102; 524/91
Current International Class: C08K 5/00 (20060101); C08K 5/3435 (20060101); C08K 005/34 (); B32B 009/04 ()
Field of Search: 524/100,102,91 428/500,522,482,704

References Cited

U.S. Patent Documents
4241208 December 1980 Murayama et al.
4616051 October 1986 Paolino
4692486 September 1987 Gugumus
4753979 June 1988 Conetta et al.
4778837 October 1988 Waterman et al.
5021480 June 1991 Ravichandran
5169925 December 1992 Schmailzl et al.

Other References

"Tinuvin.RTM. 440, UV Light Stabilizer for Acid Catalyzed Coatings", Cibe Geigy. .
Dr. Robert L. Gray, "Recent Advances in Polyolefin Stabilizer Technology--A Novel Non-Reactive Hindered Amine Light Stabilizer"..

Primary Examiner: Sanders; Kriellion
Attorney, Agent or Firm: Pennie & Edmonds LLP

Claims



What is claimed is:

1. An improved light stabilized polymeric composition that does not interfere with acid curative coating systems comprising; (a) a thermoplastic polyolefin; (b) a monomeric hindered amine light stabilizer having a basicity or pKa of no greater than 7; (c) a polymeric hindered amine light stabilizer having a basicity or pKa of no greater than 7; and (d) an ultraviolet light absorbing agent; wherein each of the monomeric hindered amine light stabilizer, the ultraviolet light absorbing agent and the polymeric hindered amine are present in an amount effective to provide a stable substrate for an acid catalyst activated single component paint system.

2. The composition of claim 1 wherein the hindered amine light stabilizer is present in an amount of between about 50 and 80% and the ultraviolet light absorbing agent is present in an amount of between 20 and 50%.

3. The composition of claim 2 wherein the hindered amine light stabilizer package is present in an amount equal to or greater than the ultraviolet light absorbing agent.

4. The composition of claim 1 wherein the monomeric hindered amine light stabilizer is present in an amount of between about 30% and 80%, the light absorber is present in an amount of between about 10 and 45% and the polymeric light stabilizer is present in an amount of between about 10 and 35%.

5. The composition of claim 4 wherein the monomeric hindered amine light stabilizer is present in an amount equal to or greater than the ultraviolet light absorbing agent and is present in an amount that is equal to or greater than that of the polymeric hindered amine light stabilizer.

6. An article comprising a molded light stabilized polymeric composition according to claim 1 and having an exterior surface, and a coating upon a portion of the exterior surface of the molded composition.

7. The article of claim 6 wherein the coating is a one-pack coating.

8. The article of claim 7 wherein the coating comprises an acrylic, alkyd, melamine, polyester, thermoplastic or elastomeric material.

9. The article of claim 6 wherein the light stabilizer package is present in an amount of about 0.4 to 2% by weight of the composition.

10. The article of claim 6 wherein the thermoplastic olefin comprises a homopolymer or copolymer of CH.sub.2 .dbd.C--(R).sub.2 where R is H or a C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 straight or branched alkyl moiety.

11. The article of claim 10 wherein the thermoplastic olefin comprises a blend of at least two of said homopolymers or copolymers.

12. The article of claim 10 wherein the thermoplastic olefin comprises crystalline polypropylene or polyethylene and at least one amorphous copolymer.

13. An article comprising a molded light stabilized polymeric composition according to claim 1 which has a portion of its exterior surface coated with an acid curative coating.

14. A method of making a thermoplastic polyolefin that does not interfere with an acid curative coating system comprising the steps of;

incorporating into a thermoplastic polyolefin; (a) a monomeric hindered amine light stabilizer having a basicity or pKa of no greater than 7; (b) a polymeric hindered amine light stabilizer having a basicity or pKa of no greater than 7; and (c) an ultraviolet light absorbing agent; wherein each of the monomeric hindered amine light stabilizer, the ultraviolet light absorbing agent and the polymeric hindered amine are present in an amount effective to provide a stable substrate for an acid catalyst activated single component paint system; and

coating said stabilized thermoplastic polyolefin with an acid curative coating to form a stable partially coated stabilized thermoplastic polyolefin article.

15. A method according to claim 14 wherein the hindered amine light stabilizer is present in an amount greater than or equal to the ultraviolet light absorbing agent.

16. A method according to claim 14 wherein the hindered amine light stabilizer is present in an amount of between about 30% and 80%, the light absorber is present in an amount of between about 10% and 45% and the polymeric hindered amine light stabilizer is present in an amount of between about 10% and 35%.

17. A composition according to claim 1 wherein the monomeric hindered amine light stabilizer is a piperidine or piperazinone derivative having a basicity or pKa of less than 7.

18. A composition according to claim 1 wherein the polymeric hindered amine light stabilizer is a piperidine polymer having a basicity or pKa of 6.5 or less.

19. A composition according to claim 1 wherein the ultraviolet light absorbing agent is a benzotriazole or benzophenone compound.
Description



BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to light stabilizer packages which are capable of being blended with organic materials such as thermoplastic olefinic elastomer compounds (TPOs) to impart resistance to degradation from ultraviolet light to such materials. Compositions of these organic materials and light stabilizer packages can be molded into articles which are light stable while also being receptive for coatings of acid catalyst activated single component paint (1 pack paint) systems. In addition, the present invention relates the articles formed from these moldable light stabilized compositions.

2. Description of the Background Art

Organic materials in general, and specifically synthetic polymers, while widely utilized, have relatively poor light stability. For example, olefinic elastomer compounds tend to undergo severe deterioration when exposed to light such as sunlight or ultraviolet rays. Light stabilizers that had previously been used to increase the resistance of such olefinic elastomer compounds against light included ultraviolet light absorbers such as benzotriazole compounds and benzophenone compounds. It was later found that N-unsubstituted polyalkylpiperidine Hindered Amine Light Stabilizers (hereinafter HALS's) such as, for example, those disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,241,208 of Murayama et al., provide superior protection to olefinic elastomer compounds against photo-induced degradation as compared to the ultraviolet light absorbers. Currently, photo-induced degradation of olefinic elastomer compounds such as TPOs is combatted by adding HALS to the coatings applied to an olefinic elastomeric compound otherwise formulated without any stabilizers or by including basic HALS in the olefinic elastomeric formulation.

When an HALS is added to a coating that is applied to a molded TPO article, the entire article must be coated in order to stabilize all portions of the article against ultraviolet degradation. An example of a composition of HALS that can be added to a coating that can be applied to a TPO article is described in the brochure distributed by Ciba-Geigy Corporation entitled "Tinuvin.RTM. 440 UV Light Stabilizer for Acid Catalyzed Coatings" wherein a composition of 1.0%-2.0% Tinuvin.RTM. 440 by weight, based on the coating resin solid and of 2.0%-4.0% Tinuvin.RTM. 1130 by weight, based on the coating resin solids, is disclosed.

Further, it has been found that when a basic HALS compound is included as part of a TPO formulation to provide light stability to a TPO, the TPO either must remain unpainted or can only be painted with two component paint systems. It has been found that when a basic HALS compound is added to a TPO formulation to provide light stability to a TPO, the TPO cannot effectively be coated with a 1 pack paint system because such paint systems react with the compound so that the paint does not cure properly and poorly adheres to the substrate. In addition, for 1 pack paint clearcoat systems, the light stabilizing effect of the HALS compound might be neutralized, resulting in photo-degradation of the TPO. It is believed that the reason for this reaction is because basic HALS compounds react with the acidic organic pigments and curative agents of the 1 pack paint systems. Other factors affecting the paint adhesion are the affinity behavior among the components of the TPO formulation, the migration characteristics of the additives to the TPO formulation, the volatility of the additives to the TPO formulation and the thermal stability of the total system. The same problem has not been observed with two component paint systems since such systems are not acidic.

As noted above, when a TPO is coated with an HALS-containing coating, the entire molded TPO article must be coated in order to prevent ultraviolet degradation of any portion thereof. Further, current TPO stabilizer systems included as part of a TPO formulation are fully operational only when molded TPO articles do not have to be painted with 1 pack paint systems. It is often desirable for articles which are molded from such TPO formulations to be partially painted for decorative or aesthetic effects. For example, the exterior portion of automotive bumpers for certain models are made from molded TPO compositions which include conventional stabilizers, and which are pigmented to the desired color. These bumpers cannot be successfully coated with 1 pack paint systems for the reasons explained above. However, automobile designers would like to enhance the appearances of such bumpers by providing a 1 pack coating on portions thereof, while retaining the low weight and resiliency of the TPO. This cannot be accomplished with conventional TPO formulations.

Two solutions to this problem are currently known, First, it is possible to paint these articles with a two-component system, such as a polyurethane, but this results in additional process steps for coating the article as well as greater cost for the coating materials. Alternatively, it is possible to formulate the TPO without any stabilizers, but this would require coating of the entire article with a coating containing HALS, or else the uncoated areas would degrade over time when exposed to ultraviolet light.

Accordingly, a need exists for a stabilizer system that can be added to a TPO formulation to impart ultraviolet light resistance to the TPO formulations while also enabling such formulations to be unreactive toward 1-pack paint systems so that portions of the articles made from the TPOs can be painted.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to a light stabilizer package for TPOs. The package comprises a monomeric HALS having a basicity or pKa of no greater than 7, an ultraviolet light absorbing agent and a polymeric HALS having a basicity or pka of less than 7. Preferably, the monomeric light stabilizer is a piperidine derivative or a piperazinone having a basicity or pKa of 6 or less. Preferably, the ultraviolet light absorbing agent is benzotriazole or benzophenone compound. Preferably the polymeric HALS is a piperidine polymer having a basicity or pKa of 6.5 or less. Preferably, the monomeric light stabilizer is present in an amount of between about 30 and 65%, the light absorber is present in an amount of between about 25 and 45% and the polymeric light absorber is present in an amount of between about 10 and 35%. Preferably, the monomeric light stabilizer is present in an amount that is equal to or greater than that of the ultraviolet light absorbing agent or the polymeric light stabilizer. The three components may be present in substantially the same amount.

The invention further relates to a light stabilized composition comprising a TPO and a light stabilizer package. Preferably, the light stabilizer package comprises a monomeric HALS light stabilizer having a basicity or pKa of no more than 7 in combination with an ultraviolet light absorbing agent. Preferably, the light stabilizer is a piperidine derivative having

a basicity or pKa of 6 or less. Preferably, the ultraviolet light absorbing agent is benzotriazole or benzophenone compound. Preferably, the light stabilizer is present in amount of about 40-90% of the light stabilizer package and the ultraviolet light absorbing agent is present in an amount of between 10 and 60% of the light stabilizer package. Preferably, the light stabilizer is present in an amount equal to or greater than the ultraviolet light absorbing agent. The package may also comprise a polymeric HALS having a basicity or pKa of less than 7. Preferably the polymeric HALS is a piperidine polymer having a basicity or pKa of 6.5 or less. Preferably, in this three component package the monomeric light stabilizer is present in an amount of between about 30 and 80% of the light stabilizer package, the light absorber is present in an amount of between about 10 and 45% of the light stabilizer package and the polymeric light absorber is present in an amount of between about 10 and 35% of the light stabilizer package. Preferably, the monomeric light stabilizer is present in an amount that is equal to or greater than that of the polymeric light stabilizer. All three components may be present in substantially the same amount.

The light stabilizer package may be present in an amount of about 0.4 to 2% by weight of the light stabilized composition.

The invention further relates to an article having an exterior surface comprising a molded light stabilized polymeric composition as described above, and a coating upon a portion of the exterior surface thereof. Preferably, the composition comprises a TPO and a light stabilizer package. The light stabilizer package may comprise a monomeric HALS having a basicity or pKa of no greater than 7 in combination with an ultraviolet light absorbing agent. The package may also include a polymeric HALS having a basicity or pKa of less than 7. Preferably, the coating is a one-pack coating and, more preferably, comprises an acrylic, alkyd, melamine, polyester, thermoplastic or elastomeric material. The light stabilizer package may be present in an amount of about 0.4 to 2% by weight of the composition. Preferably, the TPO comprises a homopolymer and a copolymer of CH.sub.2 .dbd.C--(R) .sub.2, where R is H or a C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 straight or branched alkyl moiety. Preferably, the TPO comprises a blend of at least a homopolymer and a copolymer. More preferably, the TPO comprises crystalline polypropylene or polyethylene and amorphous ethylene-propylene copolymer rubber or ethylene-propylene terpolymer resin, or mixtures thereof either from an intensive mixing process or from sequential polymerization in reactors.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The light stabilizer packages of the present invention provide light stability to TPO compositions containing them in addition to being unreactive with 1-pack acid catalyzed paint systems. The package is a three-component package which comprises a monomeric HALS having a basicity or pKa of no more than 7, an ultraviolet light absorbing agent and a polymeric HALS having a basicity or pKa of less than 7.

A TPO is a polyolefinic resin which can be heated and softened innumerable times without suffering any basic alteration in characteristics. A polyolefin is a polymer, or union, of compounds that are unsaturated, chemically active hydrocarbons with one carbon--carbon double bond. Examples of olefins include polyethylene, polypropylene, etc. Polyolefins result from the union of such olefins. Polyolefins can be the result of blending the same or different olefins. Examples of thermoplastic polyolefinic formulations and their formulations can be found in, for example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,945,005 and 4,997,720

The monomeric HALS of the present invention have pKa of no greater than 7. Thus, the monomeric HALS's are preferably acidic in nature but may be neutral. Preferably, the monomeric HALS of the present invention has a pKa of 6 or less. The pKa may be 5 or less, 4.2 or less or even 2.6 or less. The monomeric HALS is preferably a piperidine derivative or a piperizanone derivative. More preferably, the monomeric HALS is an N-substituted polyalkylpiperidine or N-substituted polyalkylpiperazionone derivative, and most preferably is a secondary or tertiary N-substituted polyalkylpiperidine or a secondary or tertiary N-substituted polyalkylpiperazinone such as, for example, an N--H tetramethyl piperidine derivative, an o-octyl analogue of an N--H tetramethyl piperidine derivative, a tetramethylpiperazinone, etc. Examples of the monomeric HALS of the present invention include Tinuvin.RTM. 440 of Ciba-Geigy Corporation, a piperidine derivative HALS having a pKa of 2.5; Tinuvin.RTM. 123 of Ciba-Geigy Corporation, an o-octyl analogue of the NH HALS having a pKa of 4.2; Goodrite 3159.RTM. of B.F. Goodrich Co., a tetramethylpiperazinone HALS having a pKa of 6; and Cyasorb.RTM. UV-3668 of Cytec Industries, a derivative of a tetramethyl piperidine having a pKa of 5.0.

The UV light absorbers of the present invention can be any of the presently known UV light absorbers. Presently known UV light absorbers include, for example, 2-(2'-hydroxyphenyl) benzotriazoles, 2-hydroxy benzophenones, etc. Examples of benzotriazole UV absorbers of the present invention are, for example, 2-(2'-hydroxy-3',5'-di-t-butyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazole such as Tinuvin.RTM. 327 of Ciba-Geigy Corporation and 2-[2'-hydroxy-3',5'-(di-t-amyl)phenyl]-benzotriazole such as Tinuvin.RTM. 328 of Ciba-Geigy Corporation. An example of a benzophenone UV absorber of the present invention is, for example, 2-hydroxyl-4-n-octylbenzophenone such as Cyasorb.RTM. UV 531 of Cytec Industries.

The polymeric HALS of the present invention having a basicity or pKa of less than 7 is added to the package to form a three component light stabilizer package. Examples of polymeric HALS that can be used in the present invention include Tinuvin.RTM. 622 of Ciba-Geigy Corp., having a pKa of 6.5.

Preferably, the monomeric HALS is added in an amount equal to or greater than both the ultraviolet light absorber and the polymeric HALS. In this three component light stabilizer package, the monomeric HALS is preferably present in an amount of from about 30-80%, the ultraviolet light absorber is preferably present in an amount of from about 10-45% of the light stabilizer package and the polymeric HALS is added in an amount of about 10-35% of the light stabilizer package. In a preferred embodiment, all three components are present in substantially the same amount.

The characteristics of monomeric and polymeric HALS that may be used in the present invention are compared to other HALS that are traditionally used as light stabilizers in Table 1.

TABLE I ______________________________________ Hindered Amine Light Stabilizers Functional Hindered Amine.sup.1 pKa Group M.W. ______________________________________ Chimassorb .RTM. 944 9.7 N--H >2500 Chimassorb .RTM. 119 9.2 N--CH.sub.3 2286 Tinuvin .RTM. 770 9.0 N--H 481 Tinuvin .RTM. 144 8.5 N--CH.sub.3 685 Tinuvin .RTM. 622 6.5 N--R >2500 Tinuvin .RTM. 123 4.2 N--O--C.sub.8 H.sub.17 737 Tinuvin .RTM. 440 2.5 N--COCH.sub.13 435 ______________________________________ .sup.1 All Hindered Amines in Table I are products of CibaGeigy Corporation.

The pKa values of Tinuvin.RTM. 622 and Tinuvin.RTM. 440 render the light stabilizer package of the present invention less basic. Thus, the light stabilizer package of the present invention will not readily react with the acid in the 1-pack paint systems, unlike, for example, Tinuvin.RTM. 770 and Chimassorb.RTM. 944, which are very basic. Further, the HALS of the present invention are slower to migrate to the surface of the molded parts, which migration affects paint adhesion, than for example, Tinuvin.RTM. 770.

Examples of the percentages of the components that can be used in the light stabilizer packages of the present invention are described in Table II.

TABLE II ______________________________________ LIGHT STABILIZER PACKAGES (% of total package) Component Package 1 Package 2 Package 3 ______________________________________ Monomeric HALS 33.3 42.8 42.8 UV Absorber 33.3 42.8 28.6 Polymeric HALS 33.3 14.3 28.6 ______________________________________

As noted above, the monomeric HALS is present in an amount which is equal to or greater than the amounts of either of the light absorber or polymeric HALS. Thus, the monomeric HALS may be present in a relative amount of between and between about 30% and 80% of the three component package. The light absorbing agent may be present in an amount of between about 10 to 45% in the three component package. The polymeric HALS may be present in an amount of between about 10 and 35% of the three component package.

The moldable light stabilized polymeric composition of the present invention comprises TPO and a light stabilizer package. The light stabilizer package comprises (1) a monomeric hindered amine light stabilizer having a basicity or pKa of no greater than 7, (2) an ultraviolet light absorbing agent and, optionally, (3) a polymeric hindered amine light stabilizer having a basicity or pKa of less than 7.

Preferably the TPO of the present invention comprises a homopolymer and a copolymer of CH.sub.2 .dbd.C--(R).sub.2 where R is H or a C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 straight or branched alkyl moiety, and, more preferably, comprises a homopolymer of crystalline polypropylene. Preferably, the TPO is a blend of crystalline polypropylene and amorphous ethylene-propylene copolymer rubber.

Preferably, at least about 0.4 by weight of the light stabilized polymeric composition is the light stabilizer package. More preferably, the light stabilizer package is present in an amount of about 0.4-2% of the light stabilized polymeric composition of the present invention.

In these compositions, which can include either two component or three component packages, the monomeric HALS may be present in an amount of between about 0.1 and 1%, preferably between about 0.1 and 0.5%, the light absorbing agent may be present in an amount of between about 0.1 and 1%, preferably between about 0.1 and 0.5% and the polymeric HALS may be present in an amount of between about 0.1 and 0.8%, preferably between about 0.1 and 0.4%.

Examples of the percentages of the components of the light stabilizer packages that can be used in the light stabilized polymeric compositions of the present invention are described in Table III.

TABLE III ______________________________________ LIGHT STABILIZED POLYMERIC COMPOSITIONS ______________________________________ (% of polymeric composition) Component Package 4 Package 5 Package 6 ______________________________________ Monomeric HALS 0.4 0.2 0.3 Absorber 0.3 0.2 0.3 Polymeric HALS 0.2 0.2 0.3 ______________________________________ Package 7 Package 8 Package 9 ______________________________________ Monomeric HALS 0.3 0.3 0.3 UV Absorber 0.3 0.2 0.3 Polymeric HALS 0.1 0.2 ______________________________________

As noted above, the monomeric HALS may be present in an amount which is equal to or greater than the amounts of either of the light absorber or polymeric HALS. Thus, the monomeric HALS may be present in a relative amount of between 40 and 90% of the two component package, and between about 30% and 80% of the three component package. The light absorbing agent may be present in an amount of between about 20 and 60% in the two component package and between about 25 to 45% in the three component package. The polymeric HALS may be present in an amount of between about 10 and 35% of the three component package.

The article of the present invention has an exterior surface which comprises the moldable light stabilized polymeric composition of the present invention. At least a portion of the exterior surface of the article may be coated with one-pack coating comprising, for example, an acrylic, alkyd, melamine, polyester, thermoplastic or elastomeric material .

The foregoing and other objects, features, aspects and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed non-limiting examples of the present invention.

EXAMPLE 1

In the following examples, various light stabilizer packages were mixed into commercially available TPO's to form light stabilized polymeric compositions. Test plaques (4".times.6".times.1/8") were then injection molded and studied.

EXAMPLE 2

The light stabilizer package described in Table IV was mixed with one of two TPO's to form a light stabilized polymeric composition.

TABLE IV ______________________________________ Light Stabilizer Packages Component (% of package) ______________________________________ Tinuvin .RTM. 440 47.5 Tinuvin .RTM. 327 37.5 Tinuvin .RTM. 622 25.0 ______________________________________

The TPO's are either Dexflex.RTM. 980 of D&S Plastics, Inc. or Dexflex.RTM. 815 of D&S Plastics Inc. Each of the two light stabilized polymeric compositions was painted with three different 1 pack paint systems and tested for TPO/paint interactions. Before painting, the test specimens were first wiped with isopropyl alcohol and air blasted to remove the dust. After a five-minute flash, these specimens were coated with the adhesion promoter, then the base coat, and then, optionally, the clearcoat. Typical film thicknesses of these various coatings were 0.1-0.3 mil for the adhesion promoter, 0.6-0.8 mil for the basecoat, and 1.2-1.5 mil for the clearcoat. After painting, the specimens were cured in an oven at 120.degree. C. for 30 minutes. Testing used to evaluate the TPO/paint interactions are as follows:

1. In the initial adhesion test, a clear cellophane adhesive tape, Nichiban.RTM. of Nichiban Co., Ltd., is used to pull on a 3 mm cross hatched paint surface;

2. In the gasoline immersion test, a synthetic gasoline mixture of 45% toluene and 55% naphthalene is used to soak the painted plaques. Paint lift and peeling is checked every half hour for up to six hours;

3. In the humidity test, the painted plaques are exposed for 240 hours at 38.degree..+-.2.degree. C. to an atmosphere having 98%.+-.2% relative humidity. Blister rating is tested by visual observation according to ASTM D-714. Adhesion is tested by pulling on a 3 mm cross hatched surface with Permacel.RTM. masking tape of Permacel Corp. and, alternatively, with 1

inch wide Scotch.RTM. filament tape, part no. 898, of 3M Packaging Systems Division. Targeting is for no loss of adhesion and a blister rating of 9 and above five minutes after completion of the exposure cycle.

4. In the water immersion test, the painted plaques are soaked in water at 40.degree. C. for 96 hours or at 38.degree. C. for 240 hours. Blistering is tested by visual observation according to ASTM D-714. Adhesion is tested by pulling on 3 mm cross hatched surface with Permacel.RTM. masking tape of Permacel Corp. and, alternatively, with 1 inch wide Scotch.RTM. filament tape, part no. 898, of 3M Packaging Systems Division. Targeting is for no loss of adhesion and a blister rating of 9 and above five minutes after completion of the exposure cycle.

The test results are summarized in Table V below.

TABLE V __________________________________________________________________________ EFFECT ON PAINTABILITY TPO Compound Dexflex 980 Dexflex 980 Dexflex 815 Dexflex 815 Color Red Blue Natural Red Paint System 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 __________________________________________________________________________ Tests Tackiness Heavy None None None None None Slight None None None None None Init. Fail Pass Pass Pass Pass Fail Pass Pass Fail Pass Pass Pass Adhesion Water immersion 40.degree. C./96 Hr. Blister 9F 9F 9F 9F 9F 9F 9F 9F 9F 9F 10 9F Permacel Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass 898 Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Fail Pass Pass Fail Pass Pass Water immersion 38.degree. C./240 Hr. Blister 9M 9M 8F 9M 9F 9F 9M 5F 9F 9M 9M 9F Permacel Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass 898 Fail Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Fail Pass Pass Pass Pass Humidity 38.degree. C./240 Hr. Blister 9F 9F 9F 9M 9F 9F 9M 9M 9F 9F 9M 9F Permacel Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass 898 Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Gasoline SC Pass Pass SC Pass Pass Pass In In CF In SC Immersion Test __________________________________________________________________________ Paint Systems: 1. Adhesion PromoterMPP4110 of PPG Indus. Inc.; BasecoatCBC light blue base of PPG Indus. Inc.; ClearcoatUCC1001 clear coat of PPG Indus. Inc. 2. Adhesion PromoterMPP4110 of PPG Indus. Inc.; BasecoatDWB Blue of PPG Indus. Inc.; ClearcoatUCC1001 of PPG Indust. Inc. 3. Adhesion PromoterMPP4110 of PPG Indus. Inc.; BasecoatBee 30 low gloss primer of Morton Paint Co. Blister Quantity Ratings: (ASTM D714) F = few; M = Medium; MD = Medium Dense; D = Dense Blister Size Ratings: 10 = None; 9 = Micro; 8 = Pencil Point; 7 thru 1 = Increasing Layer Gasoline Immersion: In = Incipient Failure; CF = Catatrosphic Failure; SC = Slight Curling (only catastrophic failure is considered failure)

The data shows that the light stabilized composition of the present invention is less reactive toward 1-pack paint systems. Failure of the light stabilized polymeric composition in the Initial Adhesion test for Paint System 3 is attributable to the aggressiveness of the paint system rather than the light stabilizer package. This suggests that a less aggressive paint system should be used for optimum results.

EXAMPLE 3

The light stabilizer packages described in Table VI were blended with Dexflex 980 TPO to form light stabilized polymeric compositions.

TABLE VI ______________________________________ Light Stabilizer Packages (% of Package) (% of Package) Package Package Package Component 10 11 12 ______________________________________ Tinuvin .RTM. 440 37.5 Tinuvin .RTM. 327 25.0 25.0 37.5 Tinuvin .RTM. 622 37.5 37.5 25.0 Tinuvin .RTM. 123 37.5 37.5 ______________________________________

The paintability of the light stabilized polymeric compositions was determined using the same testing procedures as described in Example 2 for the initial adhesion, gasoline soak and humidity tests, except that the humidity test was performed at 38.degree. C. for 240 hours. The test results are summarized in

TABLE VII ______________________________________ EFFECT ON PAINTABILITY Light Stabilized Paint Init. 38.degree. C./240 Hr. 1 Hr. Gasoline Composition System Adhesion Humidity Immersion Test ______________________________________ Package 10 + 1 Pass Pass Pass TPO 2 Pass Pass Pass 3 Pass Pass Pass Package 11 + 1 Pass Pass Pass TPO 2 Pass Pass Pass 3 Pass Pass Pass Package 12 + 1 Pass Pass Pass TPO 2 Pass Pass Pass 3 Pass Pass Pass ______________________________________ Paint Systems: 1. Adhesion PromoterBee HP21054-4W1 of Morton Paint Co.; Basecoat872-9964 of E. I. DuPont de Nemours & Co., Inc.; ClearcoatRK3939 of E. I. DuPont d Nemours & Co., Inc. 2. Adhesion PromoterMPP-4110 of PPG Indus. Inc.; BasecoatUBC of PPG Indus Inc.; ClearcoatUCC-1000 of PPG Indus. Inc. 3. Adhesion PromoterMPP-4110 of PPG Indus. Inc.; BasecoatBee UR560 of Morton Paint Co.; ClearcoatBee Q65837 of Morton Paint Co.

The results of the data shows that the light stabilized polymeric composition of the present invention pass the initial adhesion, humidity and gasoline immersion tests.

EXAMPLE 4

The light stabilizer packages described in Table VIII were blended with Dexflex 980 TPO to form light stabilized polymeric compositions.

TABLE VIII __________________________________________________________________________ Light Stabilizer Package (% of Package) Package Package Package Package Package Package Package Package Compound 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 __________________________________________________________________________ Tinuvin .RTM. 62.5 37.5 37.5 37.5 75.0 37.5 37.5 37.5 123 Tinuvin .RTM. 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 328 Tinuvin .RTM. 25.0 37.5 622 Chimmasorb .RTM. 25.0 37.5 944 Chimmasorb .RTM. 25.0 37.5 119 __________________________________________________________________________

The TPO/paint interactions of the various light stabilizers of Table VIII mixed with Dexflex 980 TPO was tested by the initial adhesion and humidity test, using the same procedures as described in Example 3. The results are shown in Table IX.

TABLE IX ______________________________________ EFFECT ON PAINTABILITY Humidity Polymeric Composition Init. Adhesion (240 Hr., 38.degree. C.) ______________________________________ Package 13 + TPO Pass Pass Package 14 + TPO Pass Pass Package 15 + TPO Pass Fail (6/64) Package 16 + TPO Pass Fail (5/64) Package 17 + TPO Pass Pass Package 18 + TPO Pass Fail (5/64) Package 19 + TPO Pass Fail (18/64) Package 20 + TPO Pass Fail (12/64) ______________________________________

The results of the data shows that the light stabilized compositions of the present invention (compositions 13, 14 and 17) pass the humidity test while the light stabilized compositions outside the scope of the claimed invention (compositions 15, 16, 19 and 20) fail the humidity test. Light stabilized composition 18, which is a light stabilized composition of the present invention, failed the himidity test due probably to the presence of too much Tinuvin 622, having a pKa of 6.5, in comparison to the other components therein.

EXAMPLE 5

The light stabilizer packages described in Table X were blended with Dexflex.RTM. 826 of D & S Plastics, Inc. to form light stabilized polymeric compositions. The light stabilized compositions of the present invention were compared against standard samples for paintability. The test procedures were the same as described in Example 4, except that the humidity test was performed at 38.degree. C. for 240 hours. The results are summarized in Table XI.

TABLE X ______________________________________ Light Stabilizer Packages (% of package) Package Package Package Component 21 22 23 ______________________________________ Tinuvin 440 33 50 Tinuvin 123 33 Tinuvin 328 33 33 50 Tinuvin 622 33 33 ______________________________________

TABLE XI ______________________________________ EFFECT ON PAINTABILITY Paint Init. Humidity 240 Composition System Adhesion Hr./38.degree. C. ______________________________________ Package 21 + TPO 1 Pass Pass 2 Pass Pass Package 22 + TPO 1 Pass Pass 2 Pass Fail Package 23 + TPO 1 Pass Pass 2 Pass Fail 4.0% Carbon Black/No UV 1 Pass Pass 2 Pass Fail ______________________________________ Paint System 1. Adhesion PromoterHP-21054-4B1 Morton Paint Co.; Base coatBAH-3 Red Metallic of PPG Indus. Inc.; Clear coatUCC-1001 of PPG Indus. Inc. 2. Adhesion PromoterHP-21054-4B1 of Morton Paint Co.; Base coat89013-6-UR560 (White) of Morton Paint Co.

The results show that the light stabilized compositions of the present invention passes the initial adhesion test and passes the humidity test at the same rate as does the standard samples.

EXAMPLE 6

The light stabilizer system of the present invention is compared against conventional light stabilizer systems and standard systems.

The components of the light stabilizer packages used in the light stabilized polymeric compositions are described in Table XII. The components of the TPO's are described in Table XIII. The light stabilized polymeric compositions are described in Table XIV.

TABLE XII ______________________________________ Light Stabilizer Polymeric Compositions % of Component in polymeric Package Package composition ______________________________________ A high Tinuvin .RTM. 770

0.40 Cyasorb .RTM. UV 531 0.40 Cyasorb .RTM. 944 0.40 A medium Tinuvin .RTM. 770 0.30 Cyasorb .RTM. UV 531 0.30 Cyasorb .RTM. 944 0.30 A low Tinuvin .RTM. 770 0.20 Cyasorb .RTM. UV 531 0.20 Cyasorb .RTM. 944 0.20 B high Tinuvin .RTM. 440 .TM. 0.60 Tinuvin .RTM. 327 0.45 Tinuvin .RTM. 622 0.30 B medium Tinuvin .RTM. 440 .TM. 0.40 Tinuvin .RTM. 327 0.30 Tinuvin .RTM. 622 0.20 B low Tinuvin .RTM. 440 .TM. 0.20 Tinuvin .RTM. 327 0.15 Tinuvin .RTM. 622 0.10 ______________________________________

TABLE XIII ______________________________________ TPO TPO Composition % of TPO ______________________________________ HiRb Polypropylene 66 Rubber 30 Carbon Black 4 HiTa Polypropylene 56 Rubber 20 Talc 20 Carbon Black 4 ______________________________________

The interaction between the light stabilized polymeric compositions of Table XIV and paint systems were determined.

The initial adhesion test was performed the same as in Example 2. The humidity test was performed the same as in Example 2 except that exposure was for 168 hours at 38.degree. C. and 240 hours at 38.degree. C. The water immersion test was performed the same as in Example 2, except that the painted plaques were soaked for 168 hours at 38.degree. C. and for 240 hours at 38.degree. C.

TABLE XIV __________________________________________________________________________ EFFECT ON PAINTABILITY __________________________________________________________________________ Hi Rb, no UV Hi Rb, A-low Hi Rb, A-high Hi Rb, A-med Paint System 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 __________________________________________________________________________ Tests Initial Adhesion Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Water Immersion 7 day Pass Pass Failed after Failed after Failed after 10 day Pass Pass 1 day 1 day 1 day Humidity 7 day Pass Pass Failed after Failed after Failed After 10 day Pass Pass 1 day 1 day 1 day __________________________________________________________________________ Hi-TA, no UV Hi-TA, A-low Hi TA, A-high Hi TA, A-med Paint System 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 __________________________________________________________________________ Tests Initial Adhesion Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Water Immersion 7 day Pass Pass Failed after Failed after Pass Pass 10 day Pass Pass 1 day 1 day Pass Pass Humidity 7 day Pass Pass Failed after Failed after Pass Pass 10 day Pass Pass 1 day 1 day Pass Pass __________________________________________________________________________ Hi-TA, B-med Hi Rb, B-low Hi Rb, B-high B-med Paint System 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 __________________________________________________________________________ Tests Initial Adhesion Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Water Immersion 7 day Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass 10 day Pass Pass Pass Pass Fail Pass Pass Pass Humidity 7 day Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass 10 day Pass Pass Pass Pass Fail Pass Pass Pass __________________________________________________________________________ Paint System 1. Adhesion PromoterHP-21054-4B1 of Morton Paint Co.; Base coatUR560CAFH vermillion 1K of Morton Paint Co. 2. Adhesion PromoterHP-21054-4B1 of Morton Paint Co.; Base coat8900-HC UR560CAFH Wild Strawberry 1 of Morton Paint Co.; Clear coat Q65837 of Morton Paint CO.

The results show that the light stabilized compositions of the present invention provide significant improvement in light stability over the UV systems of the prior art.

Although the present invention has been described in detail, it is clearly understood that the same is by way of example only and is not to taken by way of limitation, the scope of the invention being limited only by the terms of the appended claims.

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